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First aid: How to care for burn patients?

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Inflammation is more common in women and children. In any type of burn, the first thing to do is to soak the ice in cold water or a cloth soaked in cold water for 15 minutes.

After cooling, the burn should be treated according to how much it is. Burn wounds should be kept as clean as possible. Wounds should be protected from dirt, dust mites and other insects. Animal skin, coffee, herbs, soil or dung should not be placed on the burnt wound. A person with burns should eat enough food (protein) to develop the body. In this case, the mouth does not have to be closed. There are usually three types of polai.

General Burn

This type of burn does not cause blisters on the skin. But it can make the skin darker or redder. Once cooled, it does not need further treatment. Aprin or paracetamol can be used to reduce pain. In this process, you should wash your hands thoroughly before cleaning the burn to prevent infection.

Blisters on the skin

Burns on the skin should not be ruptured. Needles or syringes should not be used to remove fluid from the blisters or to prevent the infection. In case of blister rupture, the dead skin should be removed using anti-infection scissors.

Wounds should be cleaned with a mild soap on cleansed gauze, cotton or infection-free cloth. Hydrogen peroxide can also be used for cleaning. If the cloth sticks while trying to remove it from the wound, it should be soaked in boiled and cooled water. The cloth should be removed with a light cloth.

Infections increase the pain of the wound, make it more swollen, and make the skin around the wound red and hard. In this case, antibiotics like penicillin or ampicillin should be given 4 times a day for 7 days. But if the infection does not go away after 5 days, erythromycin should be given at the rate of 4 times a day for 7 to 10 days.

Deep burn

This type of burn can destroy the skin and even burn the flesh. This type of burn is always serious in nature. The burn victim should be taken immediately for treatment. When taken elsewhere for treatment, the wound should be disinfected and covered with a damp cloth or handkerchief. The water used to soak the cloth should be boiled and cooled. The patient should be given plenty of fluids.

If there is no possibility of drug treatment, care and treatment should be given like second degree burns. The wound should be covered with a cleansed gauze, cotton or linen to protect it from dirt, flies and other insects. Such clothes should be changed 4 times a day or twice a day if the wound is dry.

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